AXE 3: Le village, le quartier, la ville
UNITED COLORS OF HARLEM
Key question: What makes Harlem such an inspiring neighbourhood?
Read the following article and recap what you have understood about Harlem in the oral.
- Look at the photograph and describe what you see.
- Do research on Dizzie Gillespie (on the blog) and find the reason for this mural.
- What impression does this photo give of Harlem?
- Focus on the map of New York City (map 1). Do research and name the different boroughs.
- Concentrate on map n°2 and situate Harlem.
- Listen to the video about the Apollo Theater ( 0.00 up to 3.00 minutes) and recap what you have understood.
- Listen to the recording Harlem History (mp3) and take notes.
- Find out about the role played by Harlem as a neighbourhood and the obstacles it has to deal with.
Watch this video and learn more about the amazing history of Harlem
PART 1 : The Harlem Renaissance
Throughout the 1920s , Harlem experienced a cultural and intellectual explosion that became known as the Harlem Renaissance.
Doc 1: Culture boom in Harlem. Video Time.
- Watch the video and say when and why Harlem became an African-American cultural centre.
- Explain what the Harlem Renaissance was about and make a list of the types of intellectuals, artists and musicians who were key parts of the movement.
- Find out what the Harlem Renaissance artists fought against and talk about this evolution.
1 Culture Boom in Harlem
Doc 2: Nightlife, Archilbald Motley, Jr., 1943
a. Look at the document and identify where the scene takes place.
b. Describe movements and colors and comment on the atmosphere
c. Explain how the painting Nightlife represents the Harlem Renaissance.
d. What was the artist’s aim ?
Doc 3: I, Too, Langston Hughes, 1926
- Read the poem. Identify the speaker and the main theme.
- Observe the tense of the verbs from l.1 to l.7. When is this tense used ?
- Identify who « they »refers to (l.3) and explain the relationship between « I » and « they ». How does this relation evolve in the poem ?
- Comment on the last verse.
- Listen to the poem on the blog and practise reciting it, paying attention to rhythm and intonation.
PART 2 : Gentrification
Definition: The process by which a place, especially part of a city, changes from being a poor area to a richer one, where people from a higher social class live.
Doc 1 : « The Times They Are A Changin’ »
a.Look at the photos, read the text and comment on the evolution of the building.
b.Say what is positive and negative about the arrival of Whole Foods Market in Harlem.
c.What is the journalist’s feeling about this change ?
Doc 2 : The end of black Harlem ? The rift between the old and the new Harlem
- Read the text and introduce it. Who is the narrator? What is the main issue?
- Pick out elements showing the complexity of Harlem.
- Focus on: “It is also changing, rapidly”. Comment on the use of be+V-ing.
- Read the last paragraph and explain what the author feels about Harlem and what he fears.
Part 3: Harlem success stories
Doc 1: Listening comprehension.
“I got nervous before I cooked for President Obama”.
- Listen to the recording and give information about the man (name, country of origin, job)
- What happened to him after the attacks on September 11th?
- Explain how the Red Rooster restaurant reflects Harlem’s culture.
- Make a list of the man’s achievements.
- What do the figures 24, 6, 7 and 20 correspond to?
Doc 2: Instagram : Kibonen Nfi, Kibonen.ny, 2018
- Look at the picture and comment on the Kibonen’s clothes and attitude.
- Guess where she is. Then read the text and check your hypotheses.
- Grammar: Observe these words: bigger, better, finer. Comment on their form.
- Focus on the hashtags. Say what information they give about Kibonen and her goals.
- Focus on the tweets. What do the expressions “inspiring”, “you have earned your stripes”, “keep up your great work”, mean? What do they reveal about Kibonen?
Part 4 : Community life
Doc 1 : The Aspen Institute, Project Play
- Read the article, find out who Ibrahim Cisse is, and say what difficulties he faced when he moved to Harlem.
- Explain how the afterschool sports programme helped him.
- Compare how Ibrahim was when he arrived and how he is today.
- Describe what Project Play does for young people like Ibrahim.
Doc 2 : 116th Street Festival
- Focus on the name and logo of the website. What kind of event is it? Guess what the two countries represented are.
- Read the document and explain what the festival is about and who it is open to.
- Explain what the neighbourhood and the visitors can benefit from this festival.
- Find examples showing how diversity is a key element of the festival.